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Black farmers and their farms
- Banks, V.J.
- statistics, farmers, Blacks, minorities, land ownership, farm income, and age
- Abstract: Black farmers represented less than 2 percent of the Nation's 2.2 million farmers in 1982, down from 14 percent in 1920; however, they represented 61 percent of all minority farmers. Black-operated farms continue to be heavily concentrated in the South. By 1982, more than 60 percent of all black farmers were full owners of their farms, compared with only 16 percent in 1930. The average black-operated farm has only about 100 acres compared with the national average of 440 acres. Most black farmers in 1982 specialized in livestock and cash grains; however, they were more likely to rely on tobacco for their principal source of farm income. Almost a third of all black farmers were 65 or older. Less than a fifth of all farmers nationwide were that old.
- 27 p. maps.
- Rural Development Publications Collection,
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