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Formation of Norisoprenoid Flavor Compounds in Carrot (Daucus carota L.) Roots: Characterization of a Cyclic-Specific Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase 1 Gene

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Carotenoids are isoprenoid pigments that upon oxidative cleavage lead to the production of norisoprenoids that have profound effect on flavor and aromas of agricultural products. The biosynthetic pathway to norisoprenoids in carrots (Daucus carota L.) is still largely unknown. We found the volatile norisoprenoids farnesylacetone, α-ionone, and β-ionone accumulated in Nairobi, Rothild, and Purple Haze cultivars but not in Yellowstone and Creme de Lite in a pattern reflecting their carotenoid content. A cDNA encoding a protein with carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase activity, DcCCD1, was identified in carrot and was overexpressed in Escherichia coli strains previously engineered to produce different carotenoids. The recombinant DcCCD1 enzyme cleaves cyclic carotenes to generate α- and β-ionone. No cleavage products were found when DcCCD1 was co-expressed in E. coli strains accumulating non-cyclic carotenoids, such as phytoene or lycopene. Our results suggest a role for DcCCD1 in carrot flavor biosynthesis.
Yahyaa Mosaab , Bar Einat , Dubey Neeraj Kumar , Meir Ayala , Davidovich-Rikanati Rachel , Hirschberg Joseph , Aly Radi , Tholl Dorothea , Simon Philipp W. , Tadmor Yaakov , Lewinsohn Efraim , Ibdah Mwafaq
USDA Scientist Submission
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2013 12 18 v.61 no.50
American Chemical Society
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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