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Identification of flagellar motility genes in Yersinia ruckeri by transposon mutagenesis

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Yersinia ruckeri is the etiologic agent of enteric redmouth disease, a disease of salmonid fish species that is found worldwide in areas where salmonid fish species are farmed (3, 6, 18, 20). Vaccines for enteric redmouth disease have been used successfully for nearly 3 decades and consist of immersionapplied, killed whole-cell preparations of motile serovar 1 Y. ruckeri strains (22). Recently though, outbreaks have been reported in vaccinated fish at trout farms in the United Kingdom (2), Spain (9), and the United States (1). The Y. ruckeri strains isolated from these outbreaks are uniformly atypical serovar 1 isolates lacking both flagellar motility and secreted lipase activity. These variants have been classified as Y. ruckeri biotype 2 (BT2) and are believed to have a reduced sensitivity to immersion vaccination (2). The objective of this study was to obtain a better understanding of the emergence of BT2 Y. ruckeri by identifying genetic elements necessary for expression of the Y. ruckeri flagellum and determining the role that the flagellum plays in virulence by using a rainbow trout infection model.
Jason P. Evenhuis , Scott E. LaPatra , David W. Verner-Jeffreys , Inger Dalsgaard , Timothy J. Welch
USDA Scientist Submission
Applied and environmental microbiology 2009 Oct. v.75 no.20
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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