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QTLs for resistance to the false brome rust Puccinia brachypodii in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon L.

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The potential of the model grass Brachypodium distachyon L. (Brachypodium) for studying grass–pathogen interactions is still underexploited. We aimed to identify genomic regions in Brachypodium associated with quantitative resistance to the false brome rust fungus Puccinia brachypodii. The inbred lines Bd3-1 and Bd1-1, differing in their level of resistance to P. brachypodii, were crossed to develop an F₂ population. This was evaluated for reaction to a virulent isolate of P. brachypodii at both the seedling and advanced growth stages. To validate the results obtained on the F₂, resistance was quantified in F₂-derived F₃ families in two experiments. Disease evaluations showed quantitative and transgressive segregation for resistance. A new AFLP-based Brachypodium linkage map consisting of 203 loci and spanning 812 cM was developed and anchored to the genome sequence with SSR and SNP markers. Three false brome rust resistance QTLs were identified on chromosomes 2, 3, and 4, and they were detected across experiments. This study is the first quantitative trait analysis in Brachypodium. Resistance to P. brachypodii was governed by a few QTLs: two acting at the seedling stage and one acting at both seedling and advanced growth stages. The results obtained offer perspectives to elucidate the molecular basis of quantitative resistance to rust fungi.
Mirko Barbieri , Thierry C. Marcel , Rients E. Niks , Enrico Francia , Marianna Pasquariello , Valentina Mazzamurro , David F. Garvin , Nicola Pecchioni
USDA Scientist Submission
Genome 2012 02 9 v.55 no.2
NRC Research Press
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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