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Elastohydrodynamic Study of Blends of Bio-Based Esters with Polyalphaolefin in the Low Film Thickness Regime

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The film thickness in elastohydrodynamic (EHD) conditions for soybean oil (SBO), oleic estolide ester (EST) and their binary blends with polyalphaolefins (PAO2 or PAO40) were studied at 30 and 100 °C. Changes with time, for up to 200 min, were monitored. SBO and its blends with the lower viscosity PAO2 showed initially good agreement with the Hamrock–Dowson (H–D) equation down to 1–3 nm film thickness. 60 min or more after the start of the measurements, boundary layers with thickness up to 4.7 nm were observed. The blend of SBO with the more viscous PAO40 showed initially a good agreement with H–D at 100 °C. Negative deviations in film thickness were observed 15 min after the start of the measurements. At extended periods of time, up to 200 min, they were less pronounced but still detectable. EST–PAO2 blend showed initially formation of boundary layers with thickness around 2 nm. The boundary layer at 30 °C did not change for 200 min, while at 100 °C showed a decrease in thickness and/or viscosity with time. The EST and the EST–PAO40 blends showed good agreement with the H–D equation and did not display a boundary or fractionation layer within 200 min.
Grigor B. Bantchev , Girma Biresaw , Steven C. Cermak
Journal ISSN is 1558-9331
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 2012 6 v.89 no.6
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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