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Fair Trade-Organic Coffee Cooperatives, Migration, and Secondary Schooling in Southern Mexico
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We explore three trends in rural southern Mexico (Fair Trade coffee, migration, and conditional cash transfers) that could explain the rapid rise in education from 1995–2005 using survey data from 845 coffee farming households in Oaxaca and Chiapas, Mexico. Results from a household fixed-effects model show that household participation in a Fair Trade-organic cooperative contributed to about a 0.7 year increase in schooling for girls. US migration opportunities appear to have even stronger positive impacts on schooling for females. Although participation in Fair Trade-organic cooperatives appears also to have increased male schooling, increased migration opportunities have had an indeterminate effect for males.
Seth R. Gitter
Jeremy G. Weber
Bradford L. Barham
Jessa Lewis Valentine
USDA Scientist Submission
Journal of Development Studies 2012 3 1 March 2012 v.48 no.3
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
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