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Ceramide synthase inhibition by fumonisin B₁ causes accumulation of 1-deoxy-sphinganine: A novel category of bioactive 1-deoxy-sphingoid bases and 1-deoxy-dihydroceramides biosynthesized by mammalian cell lines and animals
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Fumonisin B₁ (FB₁) is a mycotoxin that inhibits ceramide synthases (CerS) and causes kidney and liver toxicity and other disease. Inhibition of CerS by FB₁ increases sphinganine (Sa), Sa 1-phosphate, and a previously unidentified metabolite. Analysis of the latter by quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry assigned an m/z = 286.3123 in positive ionization mode, consistent with the molecular formula for deoxysphinganine (C₁₈H₄₀NO). Comparison with a synthetic standard using liquid chromatography, electrospray tandem mass spectrometry identified the metabolite as 1-deoxysphinganine (1-deoxySa) based on LC mobility and production of a distinctive fragment ion (m/z 44, CH₃CH=NH⁺₂) upon collision-induced dissociation. This novel sphingoid base arises from condensation of alanine with palmitoyl-CoA via serine palmitoyltransferase (SPT), as indicated by incorporation of L-[U-¹³C]alanine into 1-deoxySa by Vero cells; inhibition of its production in LLC-PK₁ cells by myriocin, an SPT inhibitor; and the absence of incorporation of [U-¹³C]palmitate into 1-[¹³C]deoxySa in LY-B cells, which lack SPT activity. LY-B-LCB1 cells, in which SPT has been restored by stable transfection, however, produce large amounts of 1-[¹³C]deoxySa. 1-DeoxySa was elevated in FB₁-treated cells and mouse liver and kidney, and its cytotoxicity was greater than or equal to that of Sa for LLC-PK₁ and DU-145 cells. Therefore, this compound is likely to contribute to pathologies associated with fumonisins. In the absence of FB₁, substantial amounts of 1-deoxySa are made and acylated to N-acyl-1-deoxySa (i.e. 1-deoxydihydroceramides). Thus, these compounds are an underappreciated category of bioactive sphingoid bases and "ceramides" that might play important roles in cell regulation.
Zitomer, Nicholas C.
Voss, Kenneth A.
Bondy, Genevieve S.
Pruett, Sarah T.
Garnier-Amblard, Ethel C.
Liebeskind, Lanny S.
Sullards, M. Cameron
Merrill, Alfred H. Jr.
Riley, Ronald T.
Journal of biological chemistry 2009 Feb. 20, v. 284, no. 8
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
Agricultural Research Service
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