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Effect of a granulovirus on mortality and dispersal of potato tuber worm (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) in refrigerated storage warehouse conditions

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Potato tuber worm (PTW), Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller), is a world-wide pest of potato. In rustic stores, PTW larvae can infest 100% of stored tubers. Treatment of tubers in rustic stores with the PTW granulovirus (PoGV) has been demonstrated to protect stored tubers. This is the first study to show the effects of PoGV for protection of tubers stored in refrigerated warehouse conditions. Tubers were treated by dipping in aqueous suspensions of PoGV or water. An estimated 0.0819 larval equivalents of virus or 1.88x10(9) viral occlusion bodies were deposited on each kilogram of tubers. They were held at 16°C for 11 days before lowering the temperature by 0.5°C per day until 10°C was reached. The tubers were stored at this temperature for 53 days. Mean numbers of infested tubers at the end of the assay was affected by both pre-infestation rate and virus treatment. Mean numbers of infested tubers in the control treatment was 3 tubers per chamber higher than in the virus treatment providing strong evidence that PoGV controlled larvae and minimized spread into un-infested tubers. Of the larvae that were retrieved in virus-treated infested tubers, the mean mortality was 87% compared to 37% in controls.
Lacey, Lawrence A. , Headrick, Heather L. , Horton, David R. , Schreiber, Alan
Includes references
Biocontrol science and technology 2010, v. 20, no. 3-4
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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