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Glufosinate and ammonium sulfate inhibit atrazine degradation in adapted soils
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The co-application of glufosinate with nitrogen fertilizers may alter atrazine cometabolism, thereby extending the herbicide's residual weed control in adapted soils. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of glufosinate, ammonium sulfate, and the combination of glufosinate and ammonium sulfate on atrazine mineralization in a Dundee silt loam exhibiting enhanced atrazine degradation. Application of glufosinate at rates of 10 to 40 mg kg⁻¹ soil extended the lag phase 1 to 2 days and reduced the maximum degradation rate by 15% to 30%. However, cumulative atrazine mineralization averaged 85% 21 days after treatment and was independent of treatment. Maximum daily rates of atrazine mineralization were reduced from 41% to 55% by application of 1 to 8 g kg⁻¹ of ammonium sulfate. Similarly, cumulative atrazine mineralization was inversely correlated with ammonium sulfate rates ranging from 1.0 to 8 g kg⁻¹ soil. Under the conditions of this laboratory study, atrazine degradation was relatively insensitive to exogenous mineral nitrogen, in that 8 g (NH₄)₂SO₄ per kilogram soil repressed but did not completely inhibit atrazine mineralization. Moreover, an additive effect on reducing atrazine mineralization was observed when glufosinate was co-applied with ammonium sulfate. In addition, ammonium fertilization alters the partitioning of ¹⁴C-atrazine metabolite accumulation and nonextractable residues, indicating that ammonium represses cleavage of the triazine ring. Consequently, results indicate that the co-application of glufosinate with N may increase atrazine persistence under field conditions thereby extending atrazine residual weed control in adapted soils.
Zablotowicz, Robert M.
Krutz, L. Jason
Weaver, Mark A.
Reddy, Krishna N.
Biology and fertility of soils 2008 Oct., v. 45, no. 1
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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