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NALDC Record Details:
Reduced Toxicity of Fumonisin B1 in Corn Grits by Single-Screw Extrusion
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Corn grits spiked with 30 μg/g fumonisin B1 and two batches of grits fermented with Fusarium verticillioides (batch 1 contained 33 μg/g, and batch 2 contained 48 μg/g fumonisin B1), which were extruded by a single-screw extruder with and without glucose (10%, dry weight basis) supplementation were fed to rats. Control groups were fed uncontaminated grits. Extrusion with glucose more effectively reduced fumonisin B1 concentrations of the grits (75 to 85%) than did extrusion alone (10 to 28%). With one exception, the fumonisin B1-spiked and fermented extrusion products caused moderately severe kidney lesions and reduced kidney weights, effects typically found in fumonisin-exposed rats. Lesions in rats fed the least contaminated grits (batch 1) after extrusion with 10% glucose were, however, significantly less severe and not accompanied by kidney weight changes. Therefore, extrusion with glucose supplementation is potentially useful for safely reducing the toxicity of fumonisins in corn-based products and studies to determine the optimal conditions for its use are warranted.
Voss, Kenneth A.
Bullerman, Lloyd B.
Hanna, Milford A.
Journal of food protection 2008 Oct., v. 71, no. 10
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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