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Isozyme markers associated with O3 tolerance indicate shift in genetic structure of ponderosa and Jeffrey pine in Sequoia National Park, California
- Effects of canopy ozone (O3) exposure and signatures of genetic structure using isozyme markers associated with O3 tolerance were analyzed in 20-, 80-, and >200-yr-old ponderosa (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.) and Jeffrey pine (Pinus jeffreyi Grev. & Balf.) in Sequoia National Park, California. For both species, the number of alleles and genotypes per loci was higher in parental trees relative to saplings. In ponderosa pine, the heterozygosity value increased, and the fixation index indicated reduction of homozygosity with increasing tree age class. The opposite tendencies were observed for Jeffrey pine. Utilizing canopy attributes known to be responsive to O3 exposure, ponderosa pine was more symptomatic than Jeffrey pine, and saplings were more symptomatic than old growth trees. We suggest that these trends are related to differing sensitivity of the two species to O3 exposure, and to higher O3 exposures and drought stress that younger trees may have experienced during germination and establishment. Genetic variation in isozyme markers associated with ozone tolerance differed between parental trees and their progeny in two closely related species of yellow pine.
Staszak, J. , Grulke, N.E. , Marrett, M.J. , Prus-Glowacki, W.
national parks , national forests , plant genetics , forest trees , Pinus ponderosa , Pinus jeffreyi , plant response , genetic markers , ozone , air pollution , elevated atmospheric gases , forest ecosystems , isozymes , tree age , genotype , alleles , heterozygosity , canopy , species differences , genetic variation , population genetics , abiotic stress , stress tolerance , water stress , gene frequency , tree damage , California
- In the special issue: A Symposium on Air Pollution and Vegetation Effects in National Parks and Natural Areas: Implications for Science, Policy and Management / edited by H.S. Neufeld and A.H. Chapelka. Paper presented at the symposium "Air Pollution Workshop", April 10, 2006, Charlottesville, Virginia
- Environmental pollution 2007 Oct., v. 149, issue 3
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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