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N-acetylcysteine supplementation decreases osteoclast differentiation and increases bone mass in mice fed a high-fat diet

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Studies have demonstrated that obesity induced by high-fat diets increases bone resorption, decreases trabecular bone mass, and reduces bone strength in various animal models. This study investigated whether N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant and a glutathione precursor, alters glutathione status and mitigates bone microstructure deterioration in mice fed a high-fat diet. Forty-eight 6-wk-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four treatment groups (n=12/group) and fed either a normal-fat (10% energy as fat) or a high-fat (45% energy as fat) diet ad libitum with or without N-acetylcysteine supplementation at 1 g/kg diet for 17 wks. Compared to the normal-fat group, mice in the high-fat groups had higher body weight, and increased concentrations of serum leptin and oxidized glutathione, osteoclast differentiation, trabecular separation, and structural model index, while had decreased trabecular bone volume, trabecular number, connectivity density, and bone mineral density (P < 0.05). NAC supplementation increased concentrations of serum reduced glutathione, bone volume/total volume, and decreased body weight gain, osteoclast differentiation, and bone structural model index (P < 0.05). Osteoclast-like RAW 264.7 cells treated with NAC in vitro had elevated glutathione status and decreased in osteoclast formation. These results demonstrate that NAC supplementation decreases osteoclast differentiation and is beneficial to bone structure of obese mice induced by a high-fat diet by elevating glutathione status and decreasing bone resorption.
Jay J. Cao , Matthew J. Picklo
animal models , antioxidants , bone density , bone resorption , bone strength , dietary energy sources , dietary supplements , energy , glutathione , high fat diet , leptin , mice , microstructure , obesity , weight gain
USDA Scientist Submission
Journal of nutrition 2014
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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