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Casamino acid and oxyrase enhance growth of Listeria monocytogenes in multi-pathogen enrichments

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Rapid methods have been developed as relatively faster alternatives to plate culture for the detection of pathogenic bacteria in foods. However, since most rapid methods are subject to logistical limitations (e.g.,sample volume size, analysis time, matrix effects) and/or a detection scheme with insufficient sensitivity needed to detect very low levels of bacteria in foods, culture enrichment is often employed to increase the concentration of targeted pathogens prior to detection. Multiplexed rapid detection platforms,capable of simultaneous detection of different bacteria in a single sample, necessitate co-enrichment (or mixed culture enrichment) of as many different targeted microorganisms as possible in a timely manner. This investigation compares the growth of four major foodborne pathogens (Escherichia coli O157:H7,Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enterica, and Yersinia enterocolitica) inoculated into pristine media or ground pork and enriched in various culture media. Initial results revealed that, after 24 h incubation, the growth of L. monocytogenes (the slowest-growing pathogen examined) was increased by approximately 1-log by the supplementation of Universal Preenrichment Broth with Casamino Acids and/or Oxyrase. Overnight (24 h) growth of L. monocytogenes in ground pork enrichment cultures was enhanced up to ca. 2-log by the addition of either Casamino Acids or Casamino Acids and Oxyrase for each of the tested growth media. Ultimately, an overnight culture of the inoculated pathogens in any of the selected media containing both Casamino Acids and Oxyrase was observed to yield target bacterial concentrations that were at sufficient levels (between 10e5 and 10e6 CFU/mL) for detection by most rapid methods.
Andrew G. Gehring , George C. Paoli , Sue A. Reed , Shu-I Tu , James A. Lindsay
Escherichia coli O157 , Listeria monocytogenes , Salmonella enterica , Yersinia enterocolitica , amino acids , bacterial contamination , culture media , enrichment culture , food contamination , food pathogens , ground pork , mixed culture , rapid methods
USDA Scientist Submission
Food control 2014 v.40
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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