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The effect of follicle age on conception rate in beef heifers

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The objective of this study was to determine the effect of age of the ovulatory follicle on fertility in beef heifers. Ovulation was synchronized with the 5 d CO-Synch + controlled intravaginal drug release (CIDR) program in heifers in Montana (MT; n = 162, Hereford and Angus Crossbred) and Ohio (OH; n = 170, Angus Crossbred). All heifers received estradiol benzoate (EB; 1 mg/500 kg BW, [i.m.]) 6 d after the final GnRH of the synchronization program to induce follicular atresia and emergence of a new follicular wave (NFW) followed by prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α; 25 mg, i.m.) administration either 5 d (“young” follicle [YF]; n = 158) or 9 d (“mature” follicle [MF]; n = 174) after EB. Estrous detection was performed for 5 d after PGF2α with AI approximately 12 h after onset of estrus. Ovarian ultrasonography (MT location only) was performed in YF and MF at EB, 5 d after EB, PGF2α, and AI. Heifers in MT (n = 20) and OH (n = 18) that were not presynchronized or did not initiate a NFW were excluded from further analyses, resulting in 142 and 152 heifers in MT and OH, respectively. Heifers from the MF treatment in MT that initiated a second NFW after EB but before PGF2α (MF2; n = 14) were excluded from the primary analysis. In the secondary analysis, the MF2 group was compared to MF and YF treatments in MT. Estrous response was similar (90%; 252/280) between treatments and locations. Proestrus interval (from PGF2α to estrus) and age of the ovulatory follicle at AI were similar for MF heifers between locations (54.6 ± 1.7 h and 8.3 ± 0.07 h) but were greater (P < 0.01) for YF heifers in OH (78.5 ± 1.4 h and 5.3 ± 0.06 h) than MT (67.4 ± 1.6 h and 4.8 ± 0.06 h; treatment × location, P < 0.01). However, conception rate did not differ for MF (63.8%; 74/116) and YF (67.0%; 91/136) treatments. In the MT heifers, follicle size and follicle age at AI in the YF treatment (10.4 ± 0.15 mm and 4.8 ± 0.06 d, respectively) was less (P < 0.01) than in the MF treatment (11.0 ± 0.18 mm and 8.3 ± 0.11 d, respectively), but conception rate to AI did not differ between treatments in MT. In the MF2 group proestrus interval was greater (P < 0.01); hence, diameter of the ovulatory follicle and age were similar to that for the YF treatment. Conception rate to AI did not differ between MF2, MF, and YF (61.5, 63.3, and 64.7%, respectively) in MT. In conclusion, manipulation of age of the nonpersistent ovulatory follicle at spontaneous ovulation did not influence conception rate.
F. M. Abreu , L. H. Cruppe , M. Maquivar , C. A. Madsen , J. L. M. Vasconcelos , T. W. Geary
Angus , Hereford , beef cattle , conception rate , controlled internal drug release devices , drugs , estradiol , estrus , follicular atresia , gonadotropin-releasing hormone , heifers , ovulation , proestrus , prostaglandins , ultrasonography , Montana , Ohio
USDA Scientist Submission
Journal of animal science 2014 v.92
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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