Search National Agricultural Library Digital Collections

NALDC Record Details:

Maize Genotype and Food Matrix Affect the Provitamin A Carotenoid Bioefficacy from Staple and Carrot-Fortified Feeds in Mongolian Gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus)

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/58544
File:
Download [PDF File]
Abstract:
Biofortification to increase provitamin A carotenoids is an agronomic approach to alleviate vitamin A deficiency. Two studies compared biofortified foods using in vitro and in vivo methods. Study 1 screened maize genotypes (n = 44) using in vitro analysis, which demonstrated decreasing micellarization with increasing provitamin A. Thereafter, seven 50% biofortified maize feeds that hypothesized a one-to-one equivalency between β-cryptoxanthin and β-carotene were fed to Mongolian gerbils. Total liver retinol differed among the maize groups (P = 0.0043). Study 2 assessed provitamin A bioefficacy from 0.5% high-carotene carrots added to 60% staple-food feeds, followed by in vitro screening. Liver retinol was highest in the potato and banana groups, maize group retinol did not differ from baseline, and all treatments differed from control (P < 0.0001). In conclusion, β-cryptoxanthin and β-carotene have similar bioefficacy; meal matrix effects influence provitamin A absorption from carrot; and in vitro micellarization does not predict bioefficacy.
Author(s):
Schmaelzle Samantha , Gannon Bryan , Crawford Serra , Arscott Sara A. , Goltz Shellen , Palacios-Rojas Natalia , Pixley Kevin V. , Simon Philipp W. , Tanumihardjo Sherry A.
Note:
USDA Scientist Submission
Source:
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2014 01 08 v.62 no.1
Language:
English
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Year:
2014
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.