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Baking reduces prostaglandin, resolvin, and hydroxy-fatty acid content of farm-raised Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)

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The consumption of seafood enriched in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is associated with a decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. Several n-3 oxidation products from eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3) have known protective effects in the vasculature. It is not known whether the consumption of cooked seafood enriched in n-3 PUFA causes appreciable consumption of lipid oxidation products. We tested the hypothesis that baking Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) increases the level of n-3 and n-6 PUFA oxidation products over raw salmon. We measured the contents of several monohydroxy-fatty acids (MHFA), prostanoids, and resolvins. Our data demonstrate that baking did not change the overall total levels of MHFA. However, baking resulted in selective regioisomeric loss of hydroxy fatty acids from arachidonic acid (20:4n-6) and EPA, while significantly increasing hydroxyl-linoleic acid levels. The contents of prostanoids and resolvins were reduced several-fold with baking. The inclusion of a coating on the salmon prior to baking reduced the loss of some MHFA but had no effect on prostanoid losses incurred by baking. Baking did not decrease n-3 PUFA contents, indicating that baking of salmon is an acceptable means of preparation that does not alter the potential health benefits of high n-3 seafood consumption. The extent to which the levels of MHFA, prostanoids, and resolvins in the raw or baked fish have physiologic consequence for humans needs to be determined.
Susan K. Raatz , Mikhail Y. Golovko , Stephen A. Brose , Thad A. Rosenberger , Gary S. Burr , William R. Wolters , Matthew J. Picklo
Salmo salar , arachidonic acid , baking , blood vessels , cardiovascular diseases , coatings , docosahexaenoic acid , eicosapentaenoic acid , farmed fish , hydroxy fatty acids , isomerization , lipid peroxidation , omega-3 fatty acids , omega-6 fatty acids , oxidation , physiological response , prostaglandins , risk , risk reduction , salmon , seafoods
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2011 9 15 v.59
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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