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Railroads and Price Discrimination: The Roles of Competition, Information, and Regulation
I evaluate railroad price discrimination in three periods: 1870–1886, before the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act; 1945–1975, when rates were regulated but railroads faced extensive intermodal competition; and 1980–2010, after the passage of major regulatory reforms. While price discrimination was widespread in each period, the specific practices varied as the nature of competition, regulation, and the information available to decision-makers changed. The Act focused heavily on price discrimination, and limited some practices while encouraging others. One major weakness of the Act was the restrictions that were imposed on pricing practices that could lead to cost reductions and productivity improvements.
James M. MacDonald
laws and regulations
Review of Industrial Organization 2013 8 v.43 no.1-2
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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Agricultural Research Service
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