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Effects of combined thiamethoxam and diatomaceous earth on mortality and progeny production of four Pakistani populations of Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) on wheat, rice and maize

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/57369
Abstract:
Bioassays were conducted to evaluate the effects of combining thiamethoxam at 0.25, 0.5 and 0.75 mg/kg of active ingredient with the diatomaceous earth (DE) formulation, SilicoSec, at the rate of 100 mg/kg against four Pakistan populations of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (F.) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae). The tests were carried out with adult beetles on wheat, maize, and rice. Mortality increased with increasing application rates and exposure intervals for each population. Individually, thiamethoxam alone was more effective at the high dose rate than DE alone, but after 14 days of exposure in most cases, there was greater mortality with DE than with the low dose of thiamethoxam. There was greater mortality in wheat than in rice or maize. Populations differed in susceptibility to treatments and production of progeny.
Author(s):
Waqas Wakil , Tahira Riasat , Jeffrey C. Lord
Subject(s):
Rhyzopertha dominica , active ingredients , application rate , corn , diatomaceous earth , insect control , insecticidal properties , mortality , progeny , rice , storage insects , stored product protection , thiamethoxam , wheat , Pakistan
Source:
Journal of stored products research 2013 v.52
Language:
English
Year:
2013
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.