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Control of stored product pests by ionizing radiation

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Food irradiation for prevention of food-borne illness and disinfestation of commodities of pests is increasing in a number of countries. The goal of this review is to analyze the literature and current use of irradiation to control stored product pests and suggest research to optimize its potential. Doses to prevent reproduction of stored product pests range from 0.05 kGy for Tenebrio molitor L. to 0.45 kGy for Sitotroga cereallela (Olivier). Small but increasing amounts of grains and pulses are being irradiated in the world today especially in Asia. At least 33 countries permit irradiation of some stored products with 14 countries permitting it for all stored products. Ways in which stored product irradiation research and application may influence other uses of irradiation technology are also discussed. Deactivation of weed seeds might be an area of stored product phytosanitation where irradiation would have an advantage over other measures.
Guy J. Hallman
Sitotroga , Tenebrio molitor , disinfestation , food irradiation , grains , insect control , insect reproduction , ionizing radiation , legumes , seeds , storage insects , stored product protection , stored products , weeds
Journal of stored products research 2013 v.52
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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