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Lack of effect of feeding citrus by-products in reducing Salmonella in experimentally infected weanling pigs

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The objective of the current research was to determine if feeding the citrus by-products D-limonene (DL) and citrus molasses would reduce the concentration and prevalence of Salmonella in weanling pigs experimentally infected with Salmonella Typhimurium. Twenty crossbred weanling pigs (average body weight [BW], 19.9 kg) were randomly assigned to one of four treatments: control, low-dose DL (1.5 ml/kg of BW per day), high-dose DL (3.0 ml/kg of BW per day), and citrus molasses (0.05 kg/kg of BW per day). Treatments were administered in the feed (twice daily) for 7 days, with one-half of the dose administered at each feeding. Fecal samples were collected twice daily (prior to administration of treatment) and cultured for quantitative and qualitative determination of the challenge strain of Salmonella. Upon termination of the study, pigs were euthanized and tissues from the stomach, ileum, cecum, spiral colon, and rectum, as well as luminal contents, were collected. In addition, the popliteal and ileocecal lymph nodes and liver, spleen, and tonsil tissue were collected for qualitative Salmonella culture. No significant treatment differences (P > 0.05) were observed among treatments for fecal concentration or prevalence of Salmonella throughout the 7-day collection period. Likewise, no treatment differences (P > 0.05) were observed for any of the tissue or luminal content samples collected. Salmonella was not cultured from the muscle-bound popliteal lymph node but was cultured from the mesenteric ileocecal lymph nodes. While there were no effects in the current experiment, future research may examine the effect of a lower challenge dose and/or different administration (dose or duration) of the citrus by-products.
R. L. Farrow , T. S. Edrington , N. A. Krueger , K. J. Genovese , R. C. Anderson , D. J. Nisbet
Citrus , Salmonella typhimurium , body weight , byproducts , cecum , colon , feces , feed composition , feeds , ileum , liver , lymph nodes , molasses , rectum , salmonellosis , spleen , stomach , swine , swine feeding , tonsils , weanlings
Journal of food protection 2012 3 1 v.75 no.3
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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