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Determination of nutritive value of forages in south Texas using an in vitro gas production technique

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/57286
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Abstract:
The objectives of this study were to use the in vitro gas production (IVGP) technique to evaluate the pattern and parameters of anaerobic fermentation of forages from south Texas pastures throughout the year to (i) obtain empirical relationships between the IVGP technique fermentation parameters and chemical composition of the forages and (ii) develop equations to compute total digestible nutrients (TDN). During four consecutive years (2006–2009), forage samples were collected monthly (n = 39) at the King Ranch, TX, and chemical analyses and IVGP were obtained. For 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009, the average lag times, h, were 6Æ47 ± 0Æ54, 7Æ75 ± 0Æ65, 7Æ49 ± 2Æ01 and 5Æ44 ± 1Æ46, and the average ratio of millilitre of gas per milligram of dry matter was 0Æ41 ± 0Æ11, 0Æ34 ± 0Æ09, 0Æ34 ± 0Æ07 and 0Æ26 ± 0Æ10 respectively. There was a moderate negative correlation (r = )0Æ53) between lignin and neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and a moderate positive correlation (r = 0Æ58) between crude protein and NDF digestibility. The predicted fractional passage rate (kp) by the large ruminant nutrition system model using the level 2 solution was on average 0Æ0366 h)1. The average computed TDN assuming a kp of 0Æ04 h)1 was 55Æ9%. We concluded the IVGP technique may be used to predict TDN values of warm-season forages.
Author(s):
A. D. Aguiar
Subject(s):
chemical analysis , crude protein , digestible protein , equations , fermentation , forage composition , gas production (biological) , gases , in vitro studies , lignin , models , nutrients , pastures , ruminant nutrition , Texas
Source:
Grass and forage science 2011 v.66
Language:
English
Year:
2011
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.