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NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 activity reduces hypertrophy in 3T3-L1 adipocytes
The nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1) pathway responds to oxidative stress via control of several antioxidant defense gene expressions. Recent efforts demonstrate that Nrf2 modulates development of adiposity and adipogenesis. One of the major Nrf2-regulated proteins, NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), is implicated in the development of adipose tissue and obesity. However, little is known about in situ disposition of Nrf2, Keap1, and NQO1 during adipogenesis in isolated adipocytes. Based on literature data, we hypothesized that adipocyte differentiation would increase expression of the Nrf2/Keap1 pathway and NQO1. Using murine 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, we mapped an increase in NQO1 protein at limited clonal expansion and postmitotic growth arrest (Days 1-3) stages and a decrease in terminally differentiated (Day 8) adipocytes that lasted for several days afterward. Conversely, NQO1, Nrf2, and Keap1 mRNA expressions were all increased in differentiated adipocytes (Days 11-14), indicating a discrepancy between steady-state mRNA levels and resulting protein. Treatment of differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes with glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) inhibitor, LiCl, led to 1.9-fold increase in NQO1 protein. Sulforaphane enhanced NQO1 protein (10.5-fold) and blunted triglyceride and FABP4 accumulation. The decrement in triglyceride content was partially reversed when NQO1 activity was pharmacologically inhibited. These data demonstrate a biphasic response of Nrf2 and NQO1 during adipocyte differentiation that is regulated by Keap1- and GSK-3β-dependent mechanisms, and that hypertrophy is negatively regulated by NQO1 activity.
Emilie E. Vomhof-DeKrey
Matthew J. Picklo
NADH or NADPH oxidoreductases
Free Radical Biology and Medicine 2012 v.53
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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