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Long-term voluntary running improves diet-induced adiposity in young adult mice

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/56802
Abstract:
The hypothesis of the present study was that physical activity improves diet-induced obesity in young adult mice. Four-week-old male C57BL/6 mice (n=15/group) were fed the AIN93G diet or a 45% high-fat diet (% kJ) with or without access to in-cage activity wheels for 14 weeks. The high-fat diet increased percentage fat body mass compared to the AIN93G diet (P=.042); running reduced percentage fat body mass (P<.0001) and increased percentage lean body mass (P<.0001) in mice fed either diet. Compared with the AIN93G diet, the high-fat diet increased plasma concentrations of insulin (P<.05) and leptin (P<.05) in sedentary mice and inflammatory cytokines monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) (P<.05) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (P<.05) in both sedentary and running mice. The high-fat diet did not affect angiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet-derived growth factor-BB. Running reduced plasma insulin (P<.05) and MCP-1 (P<.05) and increased platelet-derived growth factor-BB (P<.05) in mice fed the high-fat diet. Running reduced leptin (P<.05) and increased plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (P<.0001) regardless of diet fed. In summary, consumption of the high-fat diet increased adiposity in young adult mice; running reduced adiposity, normalized plasma insulin and leptin, and reduced MCP-1 despite continued consumption of the high-fat diet. These results suggest that voluntary running may reduce diet-induced obesity and proinflammation and that young mice may be a useful model of their human age equivalents in studying moderate physical exercise and obesity and obesity-related diseases.
Author(s):
Lin Yan , Lana C. DeMars , LuAnn K. Johnson
Subject(s):
adiposity , chemokines , exercise , fat body , high fat diet , insulin , lean body mass , leptin , mice , obesity , obesity-related diseases , platelet-derived growth factor , vascular endothelial growth factors , young adults
Source:
Nutrition research 2012 v.32
Language:
English
Year:
2012
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.