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Protective immunity of Nile tilapia against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis post-immunization with live theronts and sonicated trophonts

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Two immunization trials were conducted to evaluate host protection of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus against Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich). Immunizations were done with live theronts or sonicated trophonts by bath immersion and intraperitoneal (IP) injection. The immunized fish were challenged with theronts 21 days post-immunization in trial I and 180 days post-immunization in trial II. The serum anti-Ich antibody and cumulative mortalities of tilapia were determined after theront challenge. Serum anti-Ich antibody was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in tilapia immunized with live theronts by immersion or IP injection or with sonicated trophonts administered by IP injection than tilapia immunized with sonicated trophonts by immersion, with bovine serum albumin by IP injection, or non-immunized controls. Host protection was acquired in fish immunized with live theronts by immersion or IP injection. Tilapia immunized with sonicated trophonts by IP injection were partially protected with a 57–77% survival in both trials. At 180 days post-immunization, serum antibody titers had declined in immunized fish yet they were still able to survive challenge. The protection appears not to be solely depending on serum antibody response against Ich.
De-Hai Xu , Phillip H. Klesius , Craig A. Shoemaker
Ichthyophthirius multifiliis , Oreochromis niloticus , antibodies , blood serum , bovine serum albumin , disease prevention , fish , fish diseases , hosts , immune response , immunization , intraperitoneal injection , live vaccines , mortality , protozoal infections
Fish & shellfish immunology 2008 v.25 no.1-2
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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