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Effects of rumen-protected methionine on plasma amino acid concentrations during a period of weight loss for late gestating beef heifers

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/56107
File:
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Abstract:
This study determined changes in plasma amino acid concentration in late-gestating (beginning 58 ± 1.02 d prior to calving), primiparous, winter-grazing range heifers receiving wheat middling based supplement without (CON) or with rumen-protected methionine (MET) to provide 15 g DL- MET each day. Plasma was collected on d -2 and d 0 (start of MET supplementation just prior to individually receiving supplement at 0700 h). Plasma was sampled again on d 40, 42 and 44 prior to supplementation at 0700 h and 1100 h (4 h after receiving daily supplement). Data were analyzed with cow as the experimental unit. Continuous variables were analyzed by the main effects of treatment, date, or time and their interaction when appropriate. Comparable BW (P = 0.32) and BCS (P = 0.83) over the 44-d metabolism trial were found between both CON- and MET-fed heifers. MET-supplemented heifers had greater (P < 0.0001) plasma concentrations of methionine indicating that the rumen-protection technology successfully delivered methionine to the small intestine. Supplementation with rumen-protected DL-MET caused a significant supplement × date interaction for glutamine (P = 0.03), glycine (P = 0.02), methionine (P < 0.0001), and serine (P = 0.05). In addition, trends for supplement × date interactions were detected for leucine (P = 0.07), threonine (P = 0.09), valine (P = 0.08), total amino acids (TAA; P = 0.08), non essential amino acids (NEAA; P = 0.08), branched chain amino acids (BCAA; P = 0.08), and glucogenic amino acids (GLUCO; P = 0.08). These results suggest that the BCAA Branched chain AA (leucine, and valine) were utilized more efficiently with MET supplemented heifers compared to CON supplemented heifers. Plasma AA concentrations for glutamic acid (P = 0.0005), histidine (P = 0.01), tyrosine (P = 0.0001), and EAA (P = 0.0022), all decreased throughout the study. These results further confirm methionine is a limiting amino acid in forage fed late-gestating heifers and further suggests the limitation when grazing dormant range forages as shown by improved utilization of other plasma amino acids when supplemental methionine was provided.
Author(s):
Waterman C. Richard , Ujazdowski L. Valerie , Petersen K. Mark
Subject(s):
amino acid composition , amino acid metabolism , beef , blood chemistry , blood plasma , branched chain amino acids , cows , essential amino acids , feed supplements , forage , glutamic acid , glutamine , heifers , histidine , leucine , limiting amino acids , methionine , middlings , pregnancy , serine , small intestine , threonine , tyrosine , valine , weight loss
Source:
Amino Acids 2012 v.43
Language:
English
Year:
2012
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.