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Is There a Farm Labor Shortage?
The estimated number of unauthorized Mexican immigrants living in the United States decreased by 6.2% in 2011, and has fallen by 12.9% since peaking at 7 million in 2007. Because an estimated 46% of the nation’s hired crop farm workers are drawn from this population, this recent decrease raises the possibility that farmers might now face labor shortages. We find preliminary evidence that is suggestive of labor shortages in support activities such as farm labor contractors and crew leaders and soil preparation, planting and cultivating, and in the production of various fruit and vegetables, particularly in counties in California, Michigan, and several other states.
American journal of agricultural economics 2013 v.95 no.2
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