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Influence of landscape pattern in flour residue amount and distribution on Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) response to traps baited with pheromone and kairomone
Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), the red flour beetle, is a major pest of food facilities and is typically monitored using traps that capture walking individuals. In flour mills the accumulation of residues of flour on surfaces has the potential to influence beetle movement and response to trap attractants. Different flour residue landscapes of habitat (flour) within a matrix of no flour with the following characteristics were created: low abundance (10% coverage) and fragmented distribution, high abundance (30% coverage) and fragmented distribution, low abundance and clumped distribution, high abundance and clumped distribution, 0% coverage, and 100% coverage. Response of individual beetles to traps placed on these landscapes was evaluated; traps were either baited with aggregation pheromone and kairomone or contained no attractants. Encounters with the two types of traps were not significantly different for any of the specific landscapes, but greater numbers tended to encounter traps with attractants on fragmented landscapes and 100% flour landscapes. Combining landscape types, the proportion of beetles encountering pheromone + kairomone-baited traps (0.61) was not greater than the proportion encountering empty traps (0.50). However, when combining just the fragmented landscapes there was a significantly greater response to traps with attractants (78%) than traps without (50%), but no difference in response on the combined clumped landscapes. Movement pathways, analyzed using video recordings of beetles, showed a general trend for 0% and 100% habitat landscapes to be most different from each other and 10% and 30% habitat landscapes tended to group together, but only for maximum distance traveled in an interval, velocity, and mean turn angle were significant differences observed. Results suggest that fragmented landscapes may have some impact on beetle response to attractants, but a potential mechanism for this needs further evaluation.
James F. Campbell
Journal of stored products research 2013 v.52
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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