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Identification of unique DNA sequences present in highly virulent 2009 Alabama isolates of Aeromonas hydrophila

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In 2009, a disease outbreak caused by Aeromonas hydrophila occurred in 48 catfish farms in West Alabama, causing an estimated loss of more than 3 million pounds of food size channel catfish. Virulence studies have revealed that the 2009 isolates of A. hydrophila are at least 200-fold more virulent than a 1998 Alabama isolate AL98-C1B. However, up to now, no molecular markers have been identified to differentiate the highly virulent 2009 isolates from other isolates of A. hydrophila. To understand the genetic differences between the highly virulent 2009 isolates and the less virulent AL98-C1B at molecular level, PCRselect bacterial genome subtractive hybridization was used in this study. A total of 96 clones were selected from the subtractive genomic DNA library. Sequencing results revealed that the 96 clones represented 64 unique A. hydrophila sequences. Of the 64 sequences, three (hypothetical protein XAUC_13870, structural toxin protein RtxA, and putative methyltransferase) were confirmed to be present in the three virulent 2009 Alabama isolates but absent in the less virulent AL98-C1B. Using genomic DNAs from nine field isolates of A. hydrophila with different virulence as templates, two sequences (hypothetical protein XAUC_13870 and putative methyltransferase) were found to be only present in highly virulent A. hydrophila isolates, but absent in avirulent isolates.
Julia W. Pridgeon , Phillip H Klesius , Xingjiang Mu , Dominique Carter , Kristen Fleming , Dehai Xu , Kunwar Srivastava , Gopal Reddy
Aeromonas hydrophila , DNA , Ictalurus punctatus , clones , disease outbreaks , fish farms , genetic markers , genomic libraries , hybridization , nonpathogenic strains , nucleotide sequences , structural proteins , virulence , Alabama
Veterinary microbiology 2011 v.152
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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