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Heat Flux Measurements and Modeling of Malodorous Compounds above an Anaerobic Swine Lagoon

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/54730
File:
Download [PDF File]
Abstract:
The concentration of p-cresol and p-ethylphenol, two malodorants typical of swine waste, were measured at 0.5 and 1.5 m above a waste treatment lagoon during two separate campaigns encompassing late winter through early spring and late spring through early summer. Concomitant collection of air temperatures, humidities, insolation, and wind speeds, as well as water column temperatures were done so that heat fluxes could be computed using an energy budget method and Bowen ratio estimates. The empirical model that was found to correlate best with variations in malodorant concentrations and gradients above the lagoon had the terms describing evaporation from the lagoon surface and net available energy at the lagoon surface. Emissions were found to be much higher during the cool season than the warm season. This was despite much higher evaporation rates during the warm season. This could be explained by much lower lagoon concentrations of the malodorants in the warm season than in the cool season. Results of this work are being used to determine appropriate models to estimate malodorant emissions from lagoons and devise techniques for the abatement of nuisance emissions.
Author(s):
John H. Loughrin , Arturo I. Quintanar , Nanh C. Lovanh , Rezaul Mahmood
Subject(s):
air temperature , energy , evaporation rate , heat transfer , humidity , models , odor compounds , odor emissions , off odors , p-cresol , pig manure , solar radiation , spring , summer , swine , warm season , waste lagoons , water temperature , wind speed , winter
Source:
Water, air and soil pollution 2011 5 v.217 no.1-4
Language:
English
Publisher:
Springer-Verlag
Year:
2011
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.