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Concentrated standing tailwater: a mechanism for nutrient delivery to downstream aquatic ecosystems

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/53920
File:
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Abstract:
Contribution of first flush runoff events from intense rainfall to downstream aquatic ecosystems are often reported in terms of sediment and nutrient delivery, with hardly any consideration to the contribution that standing, concentrated tailwater in primary aquatic systems makes to downstream nutrient loads. Two geographically distinct studies (Jonesboro Arkansas, and Stoneville Mississippi; 4 studies, n = 30) evaluated the effectiveness of drainage ditch systems to mitigate nutrient concentrations and loads. Within each independent study all experimental ditches had elevated background nutrient concentrations as a result of standing water, prior to the start of each simulated runoff experiment. These concentrations remained elevated 15-30 minutes post the start of each simulation as the concentrated, impounded water was pushed out through each system. In both these systems, it was hypothesized that water had accumulated in the respective drainage ditches and had been concentrated though evaporation and aquatic macrophyte transpiration. It is theorized that additional controlled drainage could decrease the potential of concentration toxicity downstream with improved dilution and hydraulic residence management.
Author(s):
Kroger, R. , Moore, M.T. , Farris, J.L.
Subject(s):
aquatic environment , drainage , drainage systems , ecosystems , evaporation , pollution load , rain , runoff , sediments , soil nutrients , transpiration , Arkansas , Mississippi
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of agricultural science and technology B 2011, v. 1 no. 5B
Language:
English
Year:
2011
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.