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Effect of quantifying peptide release on ruminal protein degradation determined using the inhibitor in vitro system

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/53897
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Abstract:
The aim of this work was to compare use of an o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) colorimetric assay (OPA-C), which responds to both free AA and peptides, with an OPA fluorimetric assay (OPA-F), which is insensitive to peptides, to quantify rates of ruminal protein degradation in the inhibitor in vitro system using Michaelis-Menten saturation kinetics. Four protein concentrates (expeller-extracted soybean meal, ESBM; 2 solvent-extracted soybean meals, SSBM1 and SSBM2; and casein) were incubated in a ruminal in vitro system treated with hydrazine and chloramphenicol to inhibit microbial uptake of protein degradation products. Proteins were weighed to give a range of N concentrations (from 0.15 to 3 mg of N/mL of inoculum) and incubated with 10 mL of ruminal inoculum and 5 mL of buffer; fermentations were stopped after 2 h by adding trichloroacetic acid (TCA). Proteins were analyzed for buffer-soluble N and buffer extracts were treated with TCA to determine N degraded at t = 0 (FD0). The TCA supernatants were analyzed for ammonia (phenol-hypochlorite assay), total AA (TAA; OPA-F), and TAA plus oligopeptides (OPA-C) by flow injection analysis. Velocity of protein degradation was computed from extent of release of 1) ammonia plus free TAA or 2) ammonia plus free TAA and peptides. Rate of degradation (k(d)) was quantified using nonlinear regression of the integrated Michaelis-Menten equation. The parameters K(m) (Michaelis constant) and k(d) (Vmax/K(m)), where Vmax = maximum velocity, were estimated directly; k(d) values were adjusted (Ak(d)) for the fraction FD0 using the equation Ak(d) = k(d) − FD0/2. The OPA-C assay yielded faster degradation rates due to the contribution of peptides to the fraction degraded (overall mean = 0.280/h by OPA-C and 0.219/h by OPA-F). Degradation rates for SSBM samples (0.231/h and 0.181/h) and ESBM (0.086/h) obtained by the OPA-C assay were more rapid than rates reported by the National Research Council (NRC). Both assays indicated that the 2 SSBM differed in rumen-undegradable protein (RUP) content; the more slowly degraded SSBM had RUP content (35% by OPA-C) similar to that reported by the NRC. The RUP content of ESBM (42% by OPA-C) was lower than the NRC value. Preliminary studies with 4 additional protein concentrates confirmed that accounting for peptide formation increased degradation rate; however, a trend for an interaction between assay and protein source suggested that peptide release made a smaller contribution to rate for more slowly degraded proteins. The OPA-C assay is a simple and reliable method to quantify formation of small peptides.
Author(s):
Colombini, S. , Broderick, G.A. , Clayton, M.K.
Subject(s):
ammonia , buffers , casein , chloramphenicol , colorimetry , equations , fermentation , flow injection analysis , fluorometry , hydrazine , nitrogen content , oligopeptides , protein concentrates , protein degradation , protein metabolism , quantitative analysis , rumen , rumen fermentation , soybean meal , trichloroacetic acid
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of dairy science 2011 Apr., v. 94, no. 4
Language:
English
Year:
2011
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.