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Simulated aerial sprays for field cage evaluation of Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium brunneum (Ascomycetes: Hypocreales) against Anabrus simplex (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) in Montana
- Field efficacy of the entomopathogenic Ascomycetes Beauveria bassiana strain GHA and Metarhizium brunneum strain F52 was evaluated against nymphs of the Mormon cricket, Anabrus simplex. Fungi were applied with a new apparatus that allows simulated aerial sprays to 0.1-m2 areas in the field. The Mormon crickets were then individually housed in cylindrical, metal hardware cloth cages on treated grass. Both fungi demonstrated only marginal success in reducing immature Mormon cricket survival in the field cages. After 28 days, the field mortality of insects, corrected for control deaths, was 28 and 45% for B. bassiana and M. brunneum, respectively. Field-exposed but laboratory-incubated insects, however, suffered 90–100% mortality within 12 days with initial deaths occurring on Day 6 (Beauveria) or Day 5 (Metarhizium), indicating a lethal rate was applied and acquired by the crickets in the field. Potential daily body temperatures were determined for the entire post-treatment observation period using special thermal surrogates. High ambient temperatures and/or thermoregulation by Mormon crickets, in excess of the upper thermal limits of both fungi, prevented higher mortality from being expressed in the field. Thermal surrogates were used to develop models for predicting onset of mortality from infections. The surrogate data indicated mortality should begin between 8 and 26 days after treatment with M. brunneum and 11 and 33 days after treatment with B. bassiana. The timing of mortality in field cages was consistent with the upper boundaries of the temporal models developed from the thermal surrogates, i.e., at or after 28 days after treatment.
Foster, R. Nelson , Jaronski, Stefan , Reuter, K. Chris , Black, Lonnie R. , Schlothauer, Robin , Harper, Justin , Jech, Larry E.
Anabrus simplex , Beauveria bassiana , Hypocreales , Metarhizium , aerial application , ambient temperature , biological control , body temperature , cages , death , entomopathogenic fungi , field experimentation , infection , insect control , insects , models , mortality , nymphs , spraying , thermoregulation , Montana
- Includes references
- Biocontrol science and technology 2011, v. 21, no. 11
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.