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A versatile approach for modeling and simulating the tacticity of polymers
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We are introducing a versatile computerized approach to model and simulate polymer tacticities using seven single-stage statistical models. The theory behind the models, e.g., Bovey’s versus Price’s, Bernoullian, 1st or 2nd order Markovian, enantiomeric types, and combinations thereof is explained. One of the models, "E-B gen", which can be used to produce four types of enantiomorphically controlled tacticities, and the pentad distribution for the model "E-M1" are reported here for the first time. The relations of chain-end controlled models to binary copolymerizations are discussed in detail, and equations for the conversion of tacticity based probabilities to reactivity ratios to obtain related n-ad distributions are presented. The models were applied to 20 polymers with exemplary tacticities found in the literature. A related software program (“Polytact”) based on Microsoft’s Excel has been designed to calculate all relevant characteristics of the polymer tacticity and to present them in graphical form in a user-friendly manner. The program can be used to produce graphs of the triad, pentad and sequence length distributions and a simulation of 50 monomer repeat units in the polymer for each of the seven models. One of the main intended uses of the program is to compare the computed n-ad distributions to those of experimental polymers obtained from NMR spectroscopy and to gain insight into the polymerization mechanisms.
Miri, Massoud J.
Pritchard, Benjamin P.
Journal of molecular modeling 2011 July, v. 17, no. 7
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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