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Ficus elastica – The Indian rubber tree – An underutilized promising multi-use species

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/49707
File:
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Abstract:
Ficus elastica known as the Indian rubber tree has a white, milky latex that is a source of natural rubber was analyzed for its phytochemicals as an intermediate energy source. The tree produces a high quantity of protein and oil (24.5 and 6.1% respectively). The polyphenol content was 4.2%, and hydrocarbon content was 2%. The gross calorific value of the plant sample was 28.7 MJ kg⁻¹, much higher than that of methanol (22.4 MJ kg⁻¹), but comparable to anthracite coal (29.7 MJ kg⁻¹). The gross calorific value of the oil fraction was 32.8 MJ kg⁻¹. This species also contains high levels of ortho-dihydroxy phenols which may be related to disease resistance to some pathogens. It also possesses compounds with antimicrobial activity and a range of pharmacological activities. F. elastica has several chemical constituents, other than rubber, which have potential uses and warrant further study.
Author(s):
G.D.P.S. Augustus , G.J. Seiler
Note:
Batch:486 annotated on 2014-03-25T10:54:07Z
Source:
Biomass and bioenergy 2011 July v.35 no.7
Language:
English
Publisher:
Elsevier Ltd
Year:
2011
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed