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Estrogenicity and Nutrient Concentration of Surface Waters Surrounding a Large Confinement Dairy Operation Using Best Management Practices for Land Application of Animal Wastes
- The impact of a confinement dairy operation (>2000 head) using best management practices for land application of animal wastes, on estrogenic activity (E-Screen), estrogens, and nutrients of associated surface waters and tile drain runoff were evaluated. Farm tile drain and creek samples were collected from the drainage region: above and below a municipal wastewater treatment plant located upstream from the dairy; and downstream from animal housing, parlor, and fields receiving applied wastes. Fifty-four thousand tons of waste (from 1000 milking head) were applied to 809 ha from April to July. Maximum estradiol equivalents (E2Eqs) present in tile drain samples (≤0.257 ng/L) were 2-fold maximum creek E2Eqs, but only 25% of the proposed no observable effect concentration for E2 (1 ng/L). Relative manure slurry estrogen concentrations were estrone >17α-E2 > 17β-E2. Creek nutrient concentrations were similar above and below the dairy, with higher concentrations found in tile drain samples: tile ammonia ranged from <0.05 to 0.70 mg/L, nitrate/ite from 1.2 to 14 mg/L, and total phosphorus from 0.04 to 0.34 mg/L. No differences in estrogenic activity or nitrate/ite, ammonia, and phosphorus concentrations were detected in surface waters downstream of a large confinement dairy facility and measured nutrients were within regional norms.
Shappell, Nancy W. , Elder, Kevin H. , West, Mark
dairy farming , surface water , animal housing , best management practices , dairy manure , animal manure management , tile drainage , runoff , estrogenic properties , estrogens , milking parlors , agricultural land , estrone , nitrates , nitrites , ammonia , phosphorus , pollution load , land application
- Includes references
- Environmental science & technology 2010 Apr. 1, v. 44, no. 7
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.