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Species diversity and toxigenic potential of Fusarium graminearum complex isolates from maize fields in northwest Argentina
Members of the Fusarium graminearum species complex (Fg complex) are the causal agents of ear rot in maize and Fusarium head blight of wheat and other small grain cereals. The potential of these pathogens to contaminate cereals with trichothecene mycotoxins is a health risk for both humans and animals. A survey of ear rot isolates from maize collected in northwest Argentina recovered 66 isolates belonging to the Fg complex. A multilocus genotyping (MLGT) assay for determination of Fg complex species and trichothecene chemotypes was used to identify 56 of these isolates as F. meridionale and 10 isolates as F. boothii. F. meridionale was fixed for the nivalenol (NIV) chemotype, and all of the F. boothii isolates had the 15-acetyldeoxynivalenol (15ADON) chemotype. The results of genetic diversity analysis based on nine variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) loci supported the hypothesis of genetic isolation between F. meridionale and F. boothii, and provided little evidence of geographic substructure among populations of the dominant pathogen species, F. meridionale. This is the first study to indicate that F. meridionale and F. boothii may play a substantial role in the infection and trichothecene contamination of maize in Argentina. In addition, dominance of the NIV chemotype among Fg complex isolates from Argentina is unprecedented, and of significant concern to food safety and animal production.
fungal diseases of plants
International journal of food microbiology 2011 Jan. 31, v. 145, no. 1
[Amsterdam; New York, NY]: Elsevier Science
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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