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The Metabolic and Developmental Roles of Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase4 from Potato

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The factors that regulate storage organ carotenoid content remain to be fully elucidated, despite the nutritional and economic importance of this class of compound. Recent findings suggest that carotenoid pool size is determined, at least in part, by the activity of carotenoid cleavage dioxygenases. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Carotenoid Cleavage Dioxygenase4 (CCD4) activity affects potato (Solanum tuberosum) tuber carotenoid content. Microarray analysis revealed elevated expression of the potato CCD4 gene in mature tubers from white-fleshed cultivars compared with higher carotenoid yellow-fleshed tubers. The expression level of the potato CCD4 gene was down-regulated using an RNA interference (RNAi) approach in stable transgenic lines. Down-regulation in tubers resulted in an increased carotenoid content, 2- to 5-fold higher than in control plants. The increase in carotenoid content was mainly due to elevated violaxanthin content, implying that this carotenoid may act as the in vivo substrate. Although transcript level was also reduced in plant organs other than tubers, such as leaves, stems, and roots , there was no change in carotenoid content in these organs. However, carotenoid levels were elevated in flower petals from RNAi lines. As well as changes in tuber carotenoid content, tubers from RNAi lines exhibited phenotypes such as heat sprouting, formation of chain tubers, and an elongated shape. These results suggest that the product of the CCD4 reaction may be an important factor in tuber heat responses.
Campbell, Raymond , Ducreux, Laurence J.M. , Morris, Wayne L. , Morris, Jenny A. , Suttle, Jeffrey C. , Ramsay, Gavin , Bryan, Glenn J. , Hedley, Pete E. , Taylor, Mark A.
Solanum tuberosum , cultivars , tubers , mature plants , storage organs , carotene 7,8-desaturase , gene expression regulation , microarray technology , RNA interference , transgenic plants , transgenes , carotenoids , violaxanthin , leaves , stems , roots , flowers , potatoes , phenotype , heat tolerance , isoprenoids , cell cleavage , plant breeding
p. 656-664.
Includes references
Plant physiology 2010 Oct., v. 154, no. 2
American Society of Plant Biologists
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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