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Susceptibility of channel catfish, blue catfish and channelxblue catfish hybrid to Ichthyophthirius multifiliis

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/49056
Abstract:
Information on the infectivity of Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ich), a severe fish parasite that causes high mortality, is limited for blue catfish (Ictalurus furcatus) and catfish hybrids (CB hybrid) resulting from female channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)xmale blue catfish crosses. The objective of this study was to compare channel catfish, blue catfish and CB hybrids on the infection level and fish mortality caused by Ich using a cohabitation model. To compare the susceptibility to Ich between channel and blue catfish, fish were exposed to 5000 or 10000 theronts per fish, respectively. There were no statistical differences in the infection levels and mortalities between channel catfish and blue catfish. Channel catfish showed an infection score of 2.9 and blue catfish of 2.7 when infected by theronts at 10,000 theronts per fish. The cumulative mortalities were 86.3% and 80.6 %, respectively for channel catfish and blue catfish when exposed to theronts at 5000 theronts per fish. To compare the susceptibility to Ich between channel catfish and CB hybrid, fish were infected by cohabiting with 1 or 3 Ich-infected fish or exposure to Ich theronts at 2500-10,000 theronts per fish. Channel catfish and CB hybrid showed similar infection levels of >150 trophonts/fish and infection duration of 7-8days when cohabited with 1 or 3 Ich-infected fish. All channel catfish and CB hybrid exposed to theronts at the dose of 10,000 theronts/fish showed heavy infection of >150 trophonts/fish. The cumulative mortalities were 90% and 80% for channel catfish and CB hybrid after exposure to 2500 theronts per fish. No statistical difference was found in the infection levels and mortalities using two infection methods between channel catfish and CB hybrid. Overall results indicated that CB hybrid were as susceptible to Ich as channel catfish or blue catfish.
Author(s):
Xu, De-Hai , Klesius, Phillip H. , Peatman, Eric , Liu, Zhanjiang
Subject(s):
Ictalurus furcatus , Ictalurus punctatus , catfish , farmed fish , hybrids , interspecific hybridization , Ichthyophthirius multifiliis , animal pathogens , fish diseases , disease resistance , genetic resistance , mortality , disease incidence , disease severity , protozoal infections
Format:
p. 25-30.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Aquaculture 2011 Feb. 3, v. 311, no. 1-4
Language:
English
Publisher:
Amsterdam: Elsevier Science
Year:
2011
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.