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Influence of Spray Volume on Spray Deposition and Coverage within Nursery Trees
- Information on better utilizing airblast sprayers to achieve high pesticide spray application effi ciency in nursery tree production is needed. Foliar spray deposition and coverage at different heights inside crabapple tree canopies were investigated for a conventional airblast sprayer operating at four different application rates ranging from 230 to 900 liters/ha [24 to 94 gallons per acre (GPA)]. Deposition on the ground at various distances from the sprayer was also measured at the 700 liters/ha (73 GPA) application rate. Foliar deposition and coverage on targets below 2.6 m (8.5 ft) inside tree canopies increased as the application rate increased, but the increase in the coverage was much lower than the deposition. For trees taller than 2.6 m (8.5 ft), the sprayer could not deliver uniform spray deposition and coverage across the tree height. The portion of trees below 2.1 m (6.9 ft) was well covered by the spray deposits with 230 liters/ha (24 GPA) application rate while higher application rates resulted in over spray application. Less than 30% of total spray volume was deposited on target trees while over 34% of the total spray volume was lost on the ground. The tree-row volume method should include foliage density and tree-row gaps to avoid excessive estimation of spray application rates for nursery tree crops.
Zhu, H. , Zondag, R.H. , Derksen, R.C. , Reding, M. , Krause, C.R.
pesticide application , spraying , spray deposition , nursery crops , ornamental trees , Malus , pesticide use reduction , application rate , sprayers , volume , spray coverage , equations
- Includes references
- Journal of environmental horticulture 2003 Mar., v. 26, no. 1
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.