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Molecular analysis of SCARECROW genes expressed in white lupin cluster roots

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The Scarecrow (SCR) transcription factor plays a crucial role in root cell radial patterning and is required for maintenance of the quiescent centre and differentiation of the endodermis. In response to phosphorus (P) deficiency, white lupin (Lupinus albus L.) root surface area increases some 50-fold to 70-fold due to the development of cluster (proteoid) roots. Previously it was reported that SCR-like expressed sequence tags (ESTs) were expressed during early cluster root development. Here the cloning of two white lupin SCR genes, LaSCR1 and LaSCR2, is reported. The predicted amino acid sequences of both LaSCR gene products are highly similar to AtSCR and contain C-terminal conserved GRAS family domains. LaSCR1 and LaSCR2 transcript accumulation localized to the endodermis of both normal and cluster roots as shown by in situ hybridization and gene promoter::reporter staining. Transcript analysis as evaluated by quantitative real-time-PCR (qRT-PCR) and RNA gel hybridization indicated that the two LaSCR genes are expressed predominantly in roots. Expression of LaSCR genes was not directly responsive to the P status of the plant but was a function of cluster root development. Suppression of LaSCR1 in transformed roots of lupin and Medicago via RNAi (RNA interference) delivered through Agrobacterium rhizogenes resulted in decreased root numbers, reflecting the potential role of LaSCR1 in maintaining root growth in these species. The results suggest that the functional orthologues of AtSCR have been characterized.
Sbabou, Laila , Bucciarelli, Bruna , Miller, Susan , Liu, Junqi , Berhada, Fatiha , Filali-Maltouf, Abdelkarim , Allan, Deborah , Vance, Carroll
Lupinus albus , gene expression , root growth , roots , genes , sequence analysis , amino acid sequences , transcription factors , transcription (genetics) , phosphorus , nutrient deficiencies , RNA , gene silencing , endodermis , forage legumes
p. 1351-1363.
Includes references
Journal of experimental botany 2010 Mar., v. 61, no. 5
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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