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Yeast Extract: Sucrose Ratio Effects on Egg Load, Survival, and Mortality Caused by Gf-120 in Western Cherry Fruit Fly (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/45691
File:
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Abstract:
It is unclear which ratios of yeast extract to sucrose result in maximum egg production and survival in many tephritid fruit flies. Objectives here were to determine yeast extract:sucrose ratios that maximize egg loads without compromising survival in western cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis indifferens Curran, and their effects on mortality caused by spinosad bait (GF-120). Yeast extract:sucrose ratios of 20:80 and 30:70 maximized egg loads without reducing survival in most cases. In 1 experiment, mortality of flies with low to high egg loads exposed to fresh GF-120 for 1 or 2 h in the absence of food did not differ. In a separate experiment, egg loads were lowest in flies fed 0:100 and 1:99 diets and highest in flies fed 20:80, 30:70, and 50:50 diets. When these flies were exposed to dried GF-120 for 6 h in presence of yeast extract and sucrose, percent mortality was lower in flies fed 20:80 and 30:70 (40%) than 0:100 (69%) and 1:99 (63%) diets. In another experiment, egg loads were lowest in flies fed 0:100 and 1:99 diet and highest in flies fed 20:80 diet. When these flies were exposed to dried GF-120 for 6 h in the presence of sucrose only, percent mortality was lower in flies fed 20:80 (39%) than 0:100 (72%) and 1:99 (62%) diets. High yeast extract:sucrose ratios result in high egg loads in R. indifferens and may reduce the fly's feeding responses to GF-120, although not to the extent that the bait is rendered completely ineffective.
Author(s):
Yee, Wee L.
Subject(s):
Rhagoletis indifferens , Tephritidae , fruit flies , insect pests , plant pests , ova , mortality , yeast extract , chemical composition , sucrose , spinosad , baits
Format:
p. 422-431.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Florida entomologist 2010 Sept., v. 93, no. 3
Language:
English
Year:
2010
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.