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Evaluation of systemic insecticides for potato leafhopper control in field-grown red maple

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/45365
Abstract:
Systemic insecticides and application methods were evaluated in two trials that began in 2005 and 2006 for control of potato leafhopper (Empoasca fabae [Harris]) on four red maple (Acer rubrum L.) cultivars and rated annually through 2007. Treatments evaluated in this study included surface drenches of imidacloprid plus cyfluthrin (Discus) or imidacloprid plus bifenthrin (Allectus SC), clothianidin (Arena 50WDG), dinotefuran (Safari 20SG), or thiamethoxam (Flagship 25WG); soil inserted treatments of imidacloprid formulated as an experimental tablet or as an experimental gel; or a plant root dip of Discus + Terra-Sorb hydrogel. In the 2005 trial, a one-time drench of Discus or two imidacloprid tablets significantly reduced leafhopper damage to red maple for a 3-year period. In the 2006 trial, a one-time drench of Allectus, Discus, Arena, Flagship, and Safari significantly reduced leafhopper damage for 2 years. In most cases, the Discus drench and root dip treatments were initially more effective than the imidacloprid tablets or the gel treatment. However, in general, the efficacy of imidacloprid tablet or gel treatments increased in subsequent years. Two imidacloprid tablets were more effective than one. Likewise, higher imidacloprid drench rates were more effective than lower rates. Most insecticide treatments significantly increased red maple trunk diameter, although this effect varied with cultivar and time. Allectus and Discus drench treatments significantly increased the branch and internode length of ‘Franksred’ maple in the 2005 trial. Results of this study indicate long-term potato leafhopper control with systemic insecticides and enhanced growth in red maple.
Author(s):
Oliver, J.B. , Fare, D.C. , Youssef, N. , Halcomb, M.A. , Reding, M.E. , Ranger, C.M.
Subject(s):
Acer rubrum , Empoasca fabae , insect control , pesticide application , insecticides , imidacloprid , cyfluthrin , bifenthrin , dinotefuran , thiamethoxam , soil treatment , application rate
Format:
p. 17-23.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Journal of environmental horticulture 2009 Mar., v. 27, no. 1
Language:
English
Year:
2009
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
File:
Download [PDF File]
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.