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Costs of Organic Milk Production on U.S. Dairy Farms
- The impact of organic participation on milk production costs is evaluated using data from a nationwide survey of dairy operations. Organic dairies have estimated costs about $5 to $8 per cwt higher than conventional dairies. They also receive an average milk price premium of $6.69 per cwt in 2005. Production costs are estimated to be only $3 to $4 per cwt higher among pasture-based dairies. Results suggest that small conventional dairies may consider converting to the organic approach, but startup organic dairies are not likely unless they can enter at a much larger scale than the industry norm or can utilize pasture as a primary dairy feed source.
McBride, William D. , Greene, Catherine
dairy cows , milk production , organic production , costs and returns , production costs , dairy farming , milk prices , milk , organic foods , United States
- Includes references
- Review of agricultural economics 2009 Winter, v. 31, no. 4
- Blackwell Publishing Inc
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.