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The Effects of Ambient Solar UV Radiation on Alkaloid Production by Erythroxylum novogranatense var. novogranatense
- Truxillines are alkaloids produced by Erythroxylum species and are thought to be derived from the UV-driven dimerization of cinnamoylcocaines. This study was conducted to determine the effects of ambient UV radiation on the production of truxillines in Erythroxylum novogranatense var. novogranatense. Field plants were grown under shelters covered with plastic filters that were transparent to UV radiation, filtered UV-B, or both filtered UV-B and UV-A radiation. The treatments had no significant effect on plant biomass or specific leaf weight. Absorption values in the UV-C and UV-A region of acidified-methanol leaf extracts were higher for plants exposed to UV radiation compared to the no UV radiation treatment. There was a trend in decreasing levels of trans-cinnamoylcocaine and a statistically significant decrease in levels of cis-cinnamoylcocaine in the leaves of plants exposed to UV radiation compared to the no UV radiation treatment. Truxilline levels increased in leaves from plants exposed to UV radiation compared to the no UV radiation treatment. Most significantly, the ratio of truxillines to total cinnamoylcocaines in the leaves was affected by UV, increasing with increased UV exposure. The results support the hypothesis that UV radiation is involved in the formation of truxillines from cinnamoylcocaines.
Lydon, John , Casale, John F. , Kong, Hyesuk , Sullivan, Joseph H. , Daughtry, Craig S.T. , Bailey, Bryan
Erythroxylum novogranatense , solar radiation , alkaloids , ultraviolet radiation , biomass , filters , absorption , methanol , plant extracts , isomers , field experimentation , provenance , cocaine
- Includes references
- Photochemistry and photobiology 2009 Sept/Oct, v. 85, no. 5
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.