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Potential long-term storage of the predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis
- Increasing the ability to store mass-reared natural enemies during periods or seasons of low demand is a critical need of the biocontrol industry. We tested the hypothesis that chemicals can enhance long-term cold storage of a predatory mite Phytoseiulus persimilis Athias-Henriot. The research objective was to determine the effect of cryoprotectant and carbohydrate chemicals on in-storage survival of predators. In-storage survival at 8°C was greater for predators sprayed with glycerol (5%, v/v) or glucose (10% and 20%, v/v) than with water spray controls. After 74 days in the cryoprotectant experiment, predator survival declined to 11.5% in the 5% glycerol treatment and 7.8% in the water spray control. After 88 days in the carbohydrate experiment, predator survival declined to 22% in the 20% glucose treatment and 2% in the water spray control. Although many individuals expired within 50 days in both experiments, a few females survived more than 200 days. This research suggests that select cryoprotectants and carbohydrates have a limited capacity to facilitate long-term storage of P. persimilis.
Riddick, Eric W. , Wu, Zhixin
Phytoseiulus persimilis , predatory mites , natural enemies , biological control agents , mortality , cold stress , duration , cryoprotectants , glycerol , carbohydrates , glucose
- Includes references
- BioControl 2010 Oct., v. 55, no. 5
- Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.