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Sequence variation at the rice blast resistance gene Pi-km locus: Implications for the development of allele specific markers
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The recently cloned blast resistance (R) gene Pi-km protects rice crops against specific races of the fungal pathogen Magnaporthe oryzae in a gene-for-gene manner. The use of blast R genes remains the most cost-effective method for an integrated disease management strategy. To facilitate rice breeding we developed a Pi-km specific DNA marker. For this purpose, we initially explored the existing sequence diversity for alleles of the two genes responsible for the Pi-km specificity. The analysis of 15 rice cultivars revealed that the majority of nucleotide polymorphisms were associated with the Pi-km1 gene. Interestingly, the correspondent amino acid variation was localized within the predicted coiled-coil domain of the putative Pi-km1 protein. In contrast, the sequence of Pi-km2 alleles was highly conserved even within distantly related cultivars. Furthermore, disease reactions of the selected cultivars to five M. oryzae isolates, as well as their determined Pi-km1 allele, showed a good correlation with the known Pi-k genes (-k/-kh/-km/-ks/-kp) historically reported for these cultivars. Based on these findings, specific primer sets have been designed to discriminate among the various Pi-km alleles. The new markers should simplify the introgression of the valuable blast resistance associated with the complex Pi-k locus into rice cultivars.
Plant science 2010 June, v. 178, no. 6
Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.
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