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Fluidized-bed drying and storage stability of Cryptococcus flavescens OH 182.9, a biocontrol agent of Fusarium head blight

Permanent URL:
http://handle.nal.usda.gov/10113/42891
File:
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Abstract:
A method to produce dried granules of Cryptococcus flavescens (formerly Cryptococcus nodaensis) OH 182.9 was developed and the granules evaluated for storage stability. Small spherical granules were produced and dried using a fluidized-bed dryer. A drying and survival curve was produced for the process of fluidized-bed drying at 30°C. The granules were dried to different moisture contents (4, 7, 9 and 12%) and evaluated for storage stability at 4°C for up to a year. These different moisture contents granules had the following respective water activities (0.22, 0.38, 0.47 and 0.57 a w). The results show the storage stability varied significantly across this moisture content range. The 9% moisture content sample had the best short-term stability (up to 4 months), while 4% moisture content had the best long-term survival (1 year). A desorption isotherm of C. flavescens was determined and modeled. The results of the storage stability and drying studies are interpreted in context of the desorption isotherm.
Author(s):
Dunlap, Christopher A. , Schisler, David A.
Subject(s):
Triticum aestivum , wheat , fungal diseases of plants , scab diseases , Gibberella zeae , plant pathogenic fungi , disease control , biological control , Cryptococcus (Hyphomycetes) , inoculum , drying , granules , fluidized beds , biological control agents , storage time , shelf life , viability , moisture content , mortality , long term experiments , desorption
Format:
p. 465-474.
Note:
Includes references
Source:
Biocontrol science and technology 2010, v. 20, no. 5-6
Language:
English
Year:
2010
Collection:
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
Rights:
Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.