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Effect of Furrow Irrigation on the Severity of False Smut in Susceptible Rice Varieties

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False smut (Ustilaginoidea virens) is an important emerging disease of rice (Oryza sativa) in the southern United States, where all major rice cultivars and hybrids are susceptible to the disease. False smut susceptibility was evaluated in traditional paddy-rice fields and under furrow-irrigated conditions to determine the effects of alternative agricultural practices on the severity of this disease. Highly effective false smut suppression was observed in furrow-irrigated rice, where the disease was nearly eliminated in susceptible rice entries. False smut suppression was observed for two hybrids and one conventional rice cultivar, demonstrating that suppression was not limited to specific germplasm sources. Kernel smut severity was also monitored, but no effect on this disease was observed from the irrigation treatments. Therefore, suppression of disease severity in nonflooded rice appears to be a phenomenon unique to the rice–false smut pathosystem, which can be exploited to achieve effective field resistance to this disease.
Brooks, Steven A. , Anders, Merle M. , Yeater, Kathleen M.
Oryza sativa , rice , grain crops , Ustilaginoidea , plant pathogenic fungi , smut diseases , emerging diseases , furrow irrigation , cultivars , hybrids , disease resistance , disease severity , disease control , flood irrigation , germplasm , Arkansas
p. 570-574.
Includes references
Plant disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology 2010 May, v. 94, no. 5
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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