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Evaluation of soybean for resistance to soybean rust in Vietnam
- Soybean rust, caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Sydow, is a severe foliar disease of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] that occurs throughout most soybean producing regions of the world. The objective of this research was to evaluate selected soybean genotypes for resistance to soybean rust in Vietnam. Five field experiments in Vietnam were completed from 2006 to 2009. The area-under-the-disease-progress-curve (AUDPC) was calculated for each soybean genotype based on four disease assessments taken during the reproductive growth stages. AUDPC units among soybean genotypes in each experiment differed (P <0.05). Over the five experiments, the resistant check DT 2000 was most often the genotype with the lowest AUDPC units while the sources of rust resistance (Rpp1-5) did not always have low AUDPC units in each experiment, although PI 230970 (Rpp2) appeared to be more stable. A few genotypes with non-characterized genes for resistance, such as PI 398998, PI 437323, and PI 549017, had the lowest AUDPC units in at least one of the experiments. These genetic resources may be useful for host plant resistance studies and breeding soybeans for rust resistance in Vietnam and other locations like Brazil and the United States that have more recently been inundated with soybean rust. A significant (P <0.001) experiment×genotype interaction was found when the AUDPC data of 14 soybean genotypes tested in Experiments 1, 2, and 3 were combined and analyzed. This result indicates the potential importance of changing fungal races and/or biotypes that occur in the rust population.
Pham, T.A. , Hill, C.B. , Miles, M.R. , Nguyen, B.T. , Vu, T.T. , Vuong, T.D. , VanToai, T.T. , Nguyen, H.T. , Hartman, G.L.
Glycine max , soybeans , field crops , Phakopsora pachyrhizi , plant pathogenic fungi , rust diseases , foliar diseases , disease resistance , genetic resistance , genotype , field experimentation , disease course , developmental stages , host plants , genotype-environment interaction , biotypes , strain differences , Vietnam
- Includes references
- Field crops research 2010 May 8, v. 117, no. 1
- [Amsterdam]: Elsevier
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
- Works produced by employees of the U.S. Government as part of their official duties are not copyrighted within the U.S. The content of this document is not copyrighted.