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Bean pod mottle virus Spread in Insect-Feeding-Resistant Soybean
- Bean pod mottle virus (BPMV) infection reduces yield and seed quality in soybean. To test the hypothesis that virus incidence and movement within plots would be reduced in soybean with resistance to feeding by the virus' bean leaf beetle (Cerotoma trifurcata) vector, BPMV spread was evaluated in five soybean genotypes at two inoculum levels over 2 years at two locations in Ohio. Soybean genotypes included two insect-feeding-susceptible genotypes (Williams 82 and Resnik), two insect-feeding-resistant, semidwarf genotypes (HC95-15 and HC95-24), and an insect-feeding-susceptible, semidwarf genotype (Troll). BPMV incidence was assessed in individual plants at growth stages R5/R6 and R7/R8 using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Beetle feeding was visually assessed in 2004. Data for infection of individual plants were analyzed using a generalized linear mixed model, with a binomial distribution and logit-link. Within plots, BPMV incidence was highest in Resnik and Williams 82 and significantly lower in Troll. Incidence in HC95-15 was not significantly different than in Williams 82 and Resnik but incidence in HC95-24 was lower than in Resnik. BPMV incidence was also significantly (P < 0.05) affected by year, location, inoculum level and sampling date, with increasing incidence over time and higher incidence at the higher inoculum level. Beetle feeding damage was affected by the interaction of location–genotype. Significant spatial aggregation of infected plants was found for most plots but aggregation was independent of host genotype and inoculum level. Although the results indicate that BPMV infection varied by genotype, they do not support the hypothesis that insect-feeding resistance is sufficient to reduce the incidence and spread of BPMV.
Redinbaugh, Margaret G. , Molineros, Julio E. , Vacha, Jean , Berry, Sue Ann , Hammond, Ronald B. , Madden, Laurence V. , Dorrance, Anne E.
Glycine max , soybeans , field crops , Bean pod mottle virus , plant viruses , plant diseases and disorders , Cerotoma trifurcata , plant pests , insect pests , insect vectors , pest resistance , genetic resistance , genotype , genetic variation , disease incidence , enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay , temporal variation , spatial distribution , vector control , Ohio
- Includes references
- Plant disease: an international journal of applied plant pathology 2010 Feb., v. 94, no. 2
Journal Articles, USDA Authors, Peer-Reviewed
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